13 April, 2017
As an American Navy aircraft carrier group heads toward Korea, China said Thursday that military force alone cannot end tensions on the Korean Peninsula.
At the same time, an influential Chinese newspaper urged North Korea to stop its nuclear program in exchange for Chinese protection.
Experts are worried that the North could soon conduct its sixth nuclear test or launch more missiles in defiance of United Nations resolutions and sanctions. The United States has also strongly warned that it will no longer be patient with the North.
China cautions North Korea
China is the North's only major ally. It also gives a lot of aid to the country. But it wants the North to end its nuclear weapons program. China has called for negotiations to ease tensions. It also wants nuclear weapons removed from the peninsula.
The Global Times newspaper, which is published by the Communist party's People's Daily, called on North Korea and its leader Kim Jong Un to stop developing nuclear weapons.
"As soon as North Korea complies with China's declared advice and suspends nuclear activities, China will actively work to protect the security of a denuclearized North Korean nation and regime," it wrote recently.
On Wednesday, U.S. President Donald Trump told The Wall Street Journal "you cannot allow a country like [North Korea] to have nuclear power, nuclear weapons. That's mass destruction."
A day earlier, the president told Fox Business Network that the United States is "sending an armada. Very powerful. We have submarines. Very powerful. Far more powerful than the aircraft carrier."
Sources told VOA that the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier group includes the USS Ohio submarine, which is armed with 154 Tomahawk cruise missiles.
Just last week, the U.S. fired 59 missiles at a Syrian airfield in response to a deadly gas attack.
From Beijing, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said, "military force cannot resolve the issue. Amid challenge there is opportunity. Amid tensions we will also find a kind of opportunity to return to talks."
Wang warned that "whoever provokes the situation, whoever continues to make trouble in this place, they will have to assume historical responsibility."
Trump warns North Korea
U.S. President Donald Trump has said he will not accept any military aggression from North Korea. But American officials say the administration wants to use stronger economic sanctions against the North, not weapons.
U.S. officials said the president was considering an oil embargo, banning North Korea's airline, intercepting cargo ships and punishing Chinese banks that work with North Korean companies and the government.
"There's a whole host of things that are possible, all the way up to what's essentially a trade quarantine on North Korea," an official told Reuters.
Concerns in Japan and South Korea
From Seoul, South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se told parliament that he believes the US will tell his country before it attacks the North. On Thursday morning, a spokesman for the Joint Chiefs of Staff said South Korea has no evidence that military aggression from the North will happen soon. The United States has about 28,500 troops in South Korea.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also said on Thursday that North Korea may be able to fire missiles that have sarin nerve gas. A senior Japanese diplomat said the United States was putting "maximum pressure" on North Korea to ease tensions while also pressuring China to influence its ally.
South Korean officials said there were no new signs showing a nuclear test by the North was likely. But they said the North appeared ready to conduct a test at any time.
Pictures taken by satellites show a North Korean nuclear site is being prepared for what would be the country's sixth nuclear test. North Korea marks the "Day of the Sun" on Saturday, April 15th. It is the 105th birth anniversary of its founder, Kim Il Sung. The North often makes large displays of its military strength on this day.
U.S. government sources said that North Korea appears to have a placed a device in a tunnel at the site that could be detonated Saturday or even sooner.
"We have no comment but we will be watching closely," an official at the National Security Council told VOA.
The Reuters news agency and VOA Correspondent Steve Herman reported this story. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted the reports for Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.
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Words in This Story
group – n. a number of people or things that are together or in the same place
conduct – v. to plan and do (something, such as an activity)
defiance – n. a refusal to obey something or someone; the act of defying someone or something
comply – v. to do what you have been asked or ordered to do
regime – n. a form of government
armada – n. a large group of ships, boats, etc.
provoke – v. to cause (a person or animal) to become angry, violent, etc.
aggression – n. hostile action against another country, government, etc.
embargo – n. a government order that limits trade in some way
intercept – v. to stop and take someone or something that is going from one place to another place before that person or thing gets there
host – n. a great amount or number
essentially – adv. in effect; in actuality; in reality
quarantine – n. in economics, a blocking of trade with a country by isolating them from the world economy
tunnel – n. a passage that goes under the ground, through a hill, etc.
detonate – v. to explode or to cause (something, such as a bomb) to explode