ACT Science OG Test 1 - Passage V

Questions 28-34 are based on the following passage.

A cathode-ray tube (CRT) is a sealed, evacuated glass tube with a filament at one end and a fluorescent screen at the other end (see Figure 1).

When heated, the filament emits cathode rays that are accelerated by an electric potential, V, toward a barrier having a pinhole. Beyond the barrier are 2 conducting plates, each of length L, that have an electric field, E. between them. (The direction of E can be upward or down­ward; in Figure 1, it is downward.) Any rays that pass through the pinhole travel through the field and strike the screen, producing a bright spot of visible light.
A group of students performed 3 studies on various CRTs, each of which had a ruler taped to the outer surface of the screen (see Figure 2) to measure a spot's vertical location, y (in centimeters, cm).

Study 1
The students obtained a CRT having L = 2.5 cm. They set V to 1.0 kilovolt (kV), varied both the direction and the magnitude (in newtons per coulomb, N/C) of E, and recorded the resulting values of y (see Table 1).

Study 2
Using the CRT from Study 1, the students set the mag­nitude of E to 1.0 x 10⁴ N/C, varied V, and recorded the resulting values of y (see Table 2).

Study 3
The students obtained various CRTs, each having a different L. For each CRT, they set V to 1.0 kV, set the magnitude of E to 1.0 x 10⁴ N/C, and recorded the resulting value of y (see Table 3).

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Question 28 Studies 1 and 2 differed in which of the following ways? In Study 1, the students determined how the spot s location varied with