Burning coal in power plants produces a waste product called coal ash, a material that contains small amounts of potentially harmful chemicals. Environmentalists in the United States are concerned about the damage such harmful chemicals may be doing to the environment and suggest that the United States government should create new, much stricter regulations for handling and storing coal ash.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they challenge the specific arguments presented in the reading passage.
However, representatives of power companies take the opposite view: they argue that new regulations are unnecessary and might actually have negative consequences. They use the following arguments to support their position.
First, power company representatives point out that effective environmental regulations already exist. For example, one very important regulation requires companies to use liner—special material that prevents coal ash components from leaking into the soil and contaminating the surrounding environment. Companies that dispose of coal ash in disposal ponds or landfills must use liner in every new pond or landfill they build.
Concerns About Recycling Coal Ash
Second, some analysts predict that creating very strict rules for storing and handling coal ash might discourage the recycling of coal ash into other products. Currently, a large portion of coal ash generated by power plants is recycled: it is used, for example, in building materials such as concrete and bricks. Recycling coal ash reduces the need to dispose of it in other ways and presents no environmental danger. However, if new, stricter rules are adopted for handling coal ash, consumers may become concerned that recycled coal ash products are just too dangerous, and may stop buying the products.
Finally, strict new regulations would result in a significant increase in disposal and handling costs for the power companies—perhaps as much as ten times the current costs. Power companies would be forced to increase the price of electricity, which would not be welcomed by the general public.
The reading passage and the lecture both discuss meriets and demerits of policies should have been done coal companies to protect environment. In the readind part, the author mentiones that power companies rejected the benefiths of the rules based on the tree reasons. In the listening part, however, the speaker challenges what the author states and rebuts the reasons.
To begin with, as mentioned in the article, the writer sets forth that the regulation already exicts for new sites. they made liner-special material for this porpus; nevertheless, in the listening part, the speaker rebutes tha idea asserting that liner is not sufficiant at all. they have used them only on the newly sites and forget the old ones and their effects to the soil. She adds that it had damages to grandwater and they should pervent the old site as well as new sites form this various disadvantages.
Secondly, the author points out that recyclying by storing and handleing coal ash might be impact on as a result of taking this desicion. Indeed, the cunsumer would not interest any more to by the ash, if the rules make plsce. Nonetheless, the speaker flathly contradicts the reasons and sondends that for Mercery it happent and in hance the they made another desicion for their storage and they vave their companies.Therefore, power construction should addapt themselves with this rules.
Finally, the author claims that cost of power would be raised and it affects costomers too. In contrast, the professor is off the opinion that it would actually well forth for the cost, because they should pay just 1 percent of the huge price, annd there is nothig for saving the environment.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 117, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
...egulation already exicts for new sites. they made liner-special material for this po...
Line 5, column 280, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
...ng that liner is not sufficiant at all. they have used them only on the newly sites ...
Line 9, column 339, Rule ID: DT_PRP
Message: Possible typo. Did you mean 'the' or 'they'?
Suggestion: the; they
...hat for Mercery it happent and in hance the they made another desicion for their storage...
Line 9, column 418, Rule ID: SENTENCE_WHITESPACE
Message: Add a space between sentences
...r storage and they vave their companies.Therefore, power construction should addapt thems...
Line 9, column 478, Rule ID: THIS_NNS
Message: Did you mean 'these'?
...struction should addapt themselves with this rules. Finally, the author claims ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
actually, but, finally, however, if, nevertheless, nonetheless, second, secondly, so, therefore, well, in contrast, as a result, as well as, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 6.0 10.4613686534 57% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 8.0 5.04856512141 158% => OK
Conjunction : 11.0 7.30242825607 151% => OK
Relative clauses : 8.0 12.0772626932 66% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 28.0 22.412803532 125% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 26.0 30.3222958057 86% => OK
Nominalization: 4.0 5.01324503311 80% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1404.0 1373.03311258 102% => OK
No of words: 279.0 270.72406181 103% => OK
Chars per words: 5.03225806452 5.08290768461 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.08696624509 4.04702891845 101% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.6577199902 2.5805825403 103% => OK
Unique words: 162.0 145.348785872 111% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.58064516129 0.540411800872 107% => OK
syllable_count: 411.3 419.366225166 98% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 3.0 1.25165562914 240% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 2.5761589404 194% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 12.0 13.0662251656 92% => OK
Sentence length: 23.0 21.2450331126 108% => OK
Sentence length SD: 48.2754682353 49.2860985944 98% => OK
Chars per sentence: 117.0 110.228320801 106% => OK
Words per sentence: 23.25 21.698381199 107% => OK
Discourse Markers: 12.8333333333 7.06452816374 182% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 5.0 4.19205298013 119% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 3.0 4.33554083885 69% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 5.0 4.45695364238 112% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.27373068433 94% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.301962275398 0.272083759551 111% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0969894118192 0.0996497079465 97% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0495851798981 0.0662205650399 75% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.160916763054 0.162205337803 99% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0466446660751 0.0443174109184 105% => OK
automated_readability_index: 13.9 13.3589403974 104% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 56.59 53.8541721854 105% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.1 11.0289183223 101% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.19 12.2367328918 100% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.19 8.42419426049 109% => OK
difficult_words: 78.0 63.6247240618 123% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 10.7273730684 103% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.2 10.498013245 107% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 90 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 27 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.