Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading passage.

Essay topics:

Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading passage.

The reading and the lecture both discuss the possibility of flying by Pterosaurs. The reading claims that flight is not possible for these large animals. The lecture, in contrast, not only refutes the author's assessments but also asserts that the announced claims run counter to the statements of the reading. The professor puts forth three conspicuous reasons to categorically rejects whatever mentioned in the reading.

The first allegation if the passage against which the speaker argues is that these animals were cold-blooded and as a result, they could not fly because of needing a lot of energy. Nevertheless, the lecturer highlights the fact that fossils found of these animals show that they were warm-blooded. He further illustrates that these fossils had a dense cover of hair, which is used for making the body warm enough. Thus, this point proves the main idea of the reading wrong.

Second, according to the passage, these animals were so heavy that flapping wings were impossible for them; however, the professor finds this debatable. He supports his opinion by stating that these animals had a different anatomical body. He mentions that their bones had some hole which made them low enough despite their large body.

Finally, the lecturer flatly contradicts the mistaken belief in the passage that the muscle of these animals was not strong enough to help them jump. The lecturer, on the other hand, mentions that these animals were different from birds. Birds use two legs for walking and jumping, whereas these large animals had 4 limbs and used all of them. Therefore, flying and jumping were possible for them.

In summary, the points made by the professor in the lecture cast doubts on the reading. Lack of evidence in the claims of the reading, really call into question the validity of this passage. It is utmost importance in consumption of information not to take all at face value.

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Average: 8.5 (1 vote)
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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 155, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...s not possible for these large animals. The lecture, in contrast, not only refutes ...
^^^
Line 1, column 311, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...unter to the statements of the reading. The professor puts forth three conspicuous ...
^^^
Line 3, column 1, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...s whatever mentioned in the reading. The first allegation if the passage against...
^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, first, however, if, nevertheless, really, second, so, therefore, thus, whereas, in contrast, in summary, as a result, on the other hand

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 11.0 10.4613686534 105% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 5.04856512141 20% => OK
Conjunction : 6.0 7.30242825607 82% => OK
Relative clauses : 14.0 12.0772626932 116% => OK
Pronoun: 37.0 22.412803532 165% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 35.0 30.3222958057 115% => OK
Nominalization: 6.0 5.01324503311 120% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1605.0 1373.03311258 117% => OK
No of words: 316.0 270.72406181 117% => OK
Chars per words: 5.07911392405 5.08290768461 100% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.21620550194 4.04702891845 104% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.54748800999 2.5805825403 99% => OK
Unique words: 175.0 145.348785872 120% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.553797468354 0.540411800872 102% => OK
syllable_count: 480.6 419.366225166 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 7.0 3.25607064018 215% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 18.0 13.0662251656 138% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 33.8513909118 49.2860985944 69% => OK
Chars per sentence: 89.1666666667 110.228320801 81% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.5555555556 21.698381199 81% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.61111111111 7.06452816374 122% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 7.0 4.45695364238 157% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.27373068433 164% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.11022940274 0.272083759551 41% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0416569761264 0.0996497079465 42% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0748324346801 0.0662205650399 113% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0694502481228 0.162205337803 43% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0587087495991 0.0443174109184 132% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 11.3 13.3589403974 85% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 62.68 53.8541721854 116% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.7 11.0289183223 79% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.89 12.2367328918 97% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.08 8.42419426049 96% => OK
difficult_words: 72.0 63.6247240618 113% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 8.0 10.7273730684 75% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 85.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 25.5 Out of 30
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.